What are the 2 tests used in classifying financial assets? (2024)

What are the 2 tests used in classifying financial assets?

The classification decision for non-equity financial assets is dependent on two key criteria; The business model within which the asset is held (the business model test) and. The contractual cash flows of the asset (the Solely Payments of Principal and Interest 'SPPI' test).

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What are the two classifications of financial assets?

Financial assets can be categorized as either current or non-current assets on a company's balance sheet.

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What is the SPPI test for financial assets?

Contractual cash flow characteristics ('SPPI test') The SPPI (Solely Payments of Principal and Interest) test assesses whether the cash flows from a financial asset are solely payments of principal and interest on the outstanding principal amount, as expected in a basic lending arrangement.

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What is the difference between Fvtpl and Fvtoci?

Narrating very briefly, You choose FVTPL when the intention is to sell the financial assets and Instrument fails the Cash Flow test. You intend to earn from the fair value fluctuations. However, FVTOCI - when the intention may be either selling it or earning contractual cash flows from the instruments.

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What are the two basic types of financial assets and what does each represent?

Money, stocks and bonds are the main types of financial assets. Each is something you can own, and each has some amount of financial value. For money, the contractual claim is against the central bank of the government issuing the money.

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What are two common classifications of assets quizlet?

Assets are commonly divided into two sections on the balance sheet: (1) current assets and (2) property, plant, and equipment.

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What are the two characteristics of an asset?

An asset must be "owned" and it must provide "future benefits." Owning means we have title to the asset (some leased assets are also recorded on the balance sheet as we will discuss in Chapter 10). Future benefits can mean the future inflows of cash.

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What is the SPPI test for debt instruments?

Contractual provisions that permit the issuer to prepay a debt instrument before maturity can be considered SPPI if the prepayment amount substantially represents unpaid amounts of principal and interest, which may include reasonable additional compensation for the early termination of the contract.

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What is the SPPI test for prepayment?

Specifically, a prepayment feature meets the SPPI test if… principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding, which may include reasonable compensation for the early termination of the contract.

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What is SPPI index?

The services producer price index, abbreviated as SPPI, is a business-cycle indicator which measures the gross change in the trading price of services including e.g. freight and passenger transport, postal services, accomodation and food services, information and communciation services, computer programming, ...

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What are the 4 types of financial assets?

financial asset

a contractual claim to something of value; modern economies have four main types of financial assets: bank deposits, stocks, bonds, and loans.

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What is Fvoci and Fvtpl?

Financial assets: subsequent measurement

amortised cost; • fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI); or • fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL). The FVTOCI classification is mandatory for certain debt instrument assets unless the option to FVTPL ('the fair. value option') is taken.

What are the 2 tests used in classifying financial assets? (2024)
What are the three classification categories for financial assets?

Classification & Measurement - IFRS 9 - Financial Assets

IFRS 9 classifies financial assets into three categories: amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI), and fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL). Each category has different accounting treatment.

What are the two key financial statements?

A set of financial statements includes two essential statements: The balance sheet and the income statement
  • The balance sheet (sometimes also known as a statement of financial position)
  • The income statement (which may include the statement of retained earnings or it may be included as a separate statement)

Which financial assets carries the most risk?

The highest risk investments are cryptocurrency, individual stocks, private companies, peer-to-peer lending, hedge funds and private equity funds. High-risk, volatile investments may bring high rewards, or they may bring high loss.

What is valuation of financial assets?

Asset valuation simply pertains to the process to determine the value of a specific property, including stocks, options, bonds, buildings, machinery, or land, that is conducted usually when a company or asset is to be sold, insured, or taken over. The assets may be categorized into tangible and intangible assets.

How do you classify assets?

An asset is a resource with economic value that an individual, corporation, or country owns or controls with the expectation that it will provide a future benefit. Assets are reported on a company's balance sheet. They're classified as current, fixed, financial, and intangible.

What are the two components of assets?

In financial accounting, assets are the resources that a company requires in order to run and grow its business. Assets are divided into two categories: current and noncurrent assets, which appear on a company's balance sheet and combine to form a company's total assets.

What are the two characteristics that an asset must possess in order to be properly classified as an intangible asset on the balance sheet?


Intangible assets have two main characteristics: (1) They lack physical existence, and (2) they are not financial instruments. In most cases, intangible assets provide services over a period of years so they are normally classified as long-term assets.

What are the characteristics of a financial asset?

Answer and Explanation: The financial assets are those items that can be quickly converted into usable assets, such as cash. They are categorized on the basis of their maturity periods, level of divisibility, lowest or highest denominations, reversibility, and their value.

What is characteristic of a financial asset?

A financial asset is a liquid asset that gets its value from a contractual right or ownership claim. Cash, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and bank deposits are all are examples of financial assets.

What are the classification of assets in auditing?

Assets are Classified Based on:

They are current and fixed assets. Physical Existence: These are the assets that physically exist with the company. They are tangible and intangible assets. Usage: This classification is based on their usage or purpose in the business.

What is the SPPI test for dummies?

SPPI test means Solely Payment of Principal and Interest. The SPPI test is performed at the instrument level. So, if the test passes for one, it means the test passes for everyone in respect of that instrument. SPPI test should be passed for an instrument to be eligible to be classified as “Amortised Cost” instrument.

What is the cash flow characteristics test?

Cash flow characteristics test: The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

What is the difference between amortised cost and fair value?

Unlike amortized cost, the fair value of an asset or liability does not consider factors such as depreciation and amortization. Similarly, companies may recalculate the fair value of their assets or liabilities after a reasonable time. They do not rely on the historical cost or value of their items.

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